The who, what, where, when, how, and why do you want to tackle an opponent? If you tackle someone in the real world, you will usually end up on the carpet, tile, floor, cement, asphalt, dirt, rocks, etc., with the enemy. I know a veteran doorman/bouncer from New York City who says,
“why should I take a customer down to the ground? Then I just have to pick him right back up and take him out. And dance floors can be dangerous at ankle height.”
The same can be true for many police situations. Sometimes taking a suspect all the way down may be part of your plan. For example, the police may take resistors and fighters down to the ground just to get them off their feet or prevent them from running. In some military situations, enemy soldiers such as sentries must be taken down and out of sight of his comrades and quickly restrained, made silent, and/or finished off.
Another reason the police tackle people to the ground is because they are chasing people in pursuits. They tackle much like a football player must pursue and tackle. But so many real-world altercations are not foot pursuits. In fact, citizens in most situations would prefer their opponent suddenly turn and flee. Why chase them? Why tackle them? The citizen has then escaped a crime?
In the non-sport world of no-weight-class restrictions, you don't know the animal you may be tackling and then wrestling with on the ground. Or, for that matter, the size of the ground fight inside the dog – to paraphrase that old expression.
Many untrained knuckleheads, mimics, and sports people will tackle. Being tackled is one of the four main ways we hit the ground, so says a number of universities with police science department awhile back, gathering a smattering of stats as best they could. The big four ways, briefly, are these:
1. We trip and fall during the fight.
2. We are punched down during the fight.
3. We are tackled during the fight.
4. We are pulled down during the fight.
One of our Force Necessary "Worst Case Scenario Modules" is all about the Tackle and Countering the Tackle. So we must learn the ways of the opponent. Here are the main and common ones we exercise through in the courses as a foundation for you to springboard into deeper studies:
Common Sport-Based Tackles (which can, of course, work in "real" life, too)
– Single leg right, a "leg pick," or smothering crash on it;
– Single leg left, a "leg pick," or a smothering crash in it;
– Double leg;
– Single of Double leg, and he evades with a footstep, you hunt/swivel for the best direction for a takedown;
– The "Fire Pole" – a slap-down tackle from a bear hug or clinch;
– The Military Belgium Takedown, a classic military (WW II) tackle from the rear;
– Football tackles.
– Wild-man, “untrained civilian” body grabs/tackles
– Military body pitch where a tackler's torso goes airborne
– Law Enforcement Pursuit Tackles System where chases tackled from behind are exercised.
Common Counters to Tackles
– Evasive footwork back and/or side-step
– Brick wall
– Side headlock, catch, crank/choke
– Wheel throw
Experiment with these foundational moves, then is you wish, continue on deeper.